The Holy-Erotic Spirituality

Merayakan Seksualitas, Menghidupi Spiritualitas


  • Timotius Verdino Universitas Kristen Duta Wacana



sexuality, spirituality, eros, desire, Holy Spirit


This article intends to show that spirituality and sexuality cannot be separated because they need one another and meet at a common point, namely eros which is animated by the Holy Spirit as a manifestation of divine eros or God's desire. To that end, this paper begins with a few explanations about human sexuality and an overview of how sexuality has been considered in Christianity throughout its history. After that, referring to the discussion of eros in the Song of Songs by Edmée Kingsmill and eros in the relation of the self and the Other according to Mayra Rivera, I will discuss eros as a meeting point for spirituality and sexuality. In the end, based on Pope Benedict XVI's view in Deus Caritas est, this article will be concluded with a theological construction of the Holy Spirit as the Divine Eros, which is God's own desire that animates both human spirituality and sexuality.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Timotius Verdino, Universitas Kristen Duta Wacana

Timotius Verdino received his Sarjana Sains Teologi degree from Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat dan Theologi Jakarta (2014-2018) and Magister Filsafat Keilahian from Universitas Kristen Duta Wacana (2019-2021). His research interests are constructive theology, spirituality, and liturgy. He is also interested in issues related to the diversity of faiths and sexuality. He teaches Christian Education at Kinderfield Primary School, Sunter.


Adiprasetya, Joas. “Dua Tangan Allah Merangkul Semesta: Panentheisme dan Theenpanisme.” Indonesian Journal of Theology, Vol. 5, No. 1 (2017): 24-41.

Adiprasetya, Joas, and Nindyo Sasongko. “A Compassionate Space‐making: Toward a Trinitarian Theology of Friendship.” The Ecumenical Review, Vol. 71, No. 1-2 (2019): 21-31.

Aruan, Abel K. “Menyoal Agapisme Klasik di Indonesia: Sebuah Dialektika Mengenai Anders Nygren dan Apropriasi Terhadap Eros dalam Etika.” Indonesian Journal of Theology, Vol. 7, No. 2 (2019): 189-206.

Awijaya, Agetta Putri. “Tafsir Alegoris, Konstruksi Teologis, dan Unsur Erotis dalam Kitab Kidung Agung.” Indonesian Journal of Theology, Vol. 4, No. 2 (2016): 237-256.

Benediktus XVI. Deus caritas est. Surat ensiklik, Vatican website. Diakses 20 September 2021.

Brown, Peter. The Body and Society: Men, Women, and Sexual Renunciation in Early Christianity. 2nd ed. New York: Columbia University Press, 2008.

Carr, David M. The Erotic Word: Sexuality, Spirituality, and the Bible. Rev. ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Clemente, Matthew. Eros Crucified: Death, Desire, and the Divine in Psychoanalysis and Philosophy of Religion. New York: Routledge, 2019.

Davis, E. F. “The Song of Songs and the Eros of God: A Study in Biblical Intertextuality.” Review of Biblical Literature, Vol. 13 (2011): 234-237.

DeConick, April D. Holy Misogyny: Why the Sex and Gender Conflicts in the Early Church Still Matter. Bloomsbury Academic, 2013.

Hock, Roger R. Human Sexuality. 4th ed. Boston: Pearson, 2016.

Kingsmill, Edmée. The Song of Songs and the Eros of God: A Study in Biblical Intertextuality. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Lakeland, Paul. “Ecclesiology, Desire, and the Erotic.” In The Embrace of Eros: Bodies, Desires, and Sexuality in Christianity. Ed., Margaret D. Kamitsuka, 247-260. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2010.

McGrath, Alister E. Christian Spirituality: An Introduction. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 1999.

PGI. “Pernyataan Pastoral PGI Tentang LGBT.” Diakes 20 September 2021.

Rathus, Spencer A., Jeffrey S. Nevid, and Lois Fichner-Rathus. Human Sexuality in A World of Diversity. 9th ed. Boston: Pearson, 2014.

Rivera, Mayra. “Ethical Desires: Toward a Theology of Relational Transcendence.” In Toward a Theology of Eros: Transfiguring Passion at the Limits of Discipline. Eds., Virginia Burrus dan Catherine Keller. New York: Fordham University Press, 2006.

“Sexual Expression.” Diakses 23 Oktober 2021,

Sheldrake, Philip. A Brief History of Spirituality. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2007.

Sitanggang, Murni. H. “Masturbasi Ditinjau dari Perspektif Etika Kristen.” Veritas, Vol. 13, No. 1 (2012): 31-53.

Smith, James K. A. You Are What You Love: The Spiritual Power of Habit. Grand Rapids, MI: Brazos Press, 2016.

Sölle, Dorothee. The Silent Cry: Mysticism and Resistance. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2001.

Talbott, Rick. “Imagining the Matthean Eunuch Community: Kyriarchy on the Chopping Block.” Jounal of Feminist Studies in Religion, Vol. 22, No. 1 (2006): 21-43.

Berita Bethel. “GBI Tanggapi Surat Pastoral PGI Tentang LGBT.” Diakses 20 September 2021.



How to Cite

Verdino, T. (2021). The Holy-Erotic Spirituality: Merayakan Seksualitas, Menghidupi Spiritualitas. Indonesian Journal of Theology, 9(2), 221-246.